||Pynacker, Adam (Dutch painter and printmaker, c. 1620 - 1673)
||Pynacker belongs to the group of Netherlandish artists known as the Dutch Italianates. He probably worked for his father as a merchant, based in Schiedam. He probably spent three years in Italy in 1645-8, but did not join any confraternity, working there as a merchant on his father's behalf. Like many Dutch Italianates, he spent some time in Utrecht, and based some of his figures on the staffage of the Haarlem painter Pieter van Laer. His early paintings are characterised by the reproduction of specific aspects of nature in minute detail, and palette of cool, monchrome tones enlivened by touches of red or ultramarine. His subject matter was limited to views of rivers, harbours and the countryside around Rome, often incorporating everyday tasks. He often use the copositional format, one side built up with trees, hilll and cliffs, often surmounted by a ruined fortress, balanced against a vista of slim trees or shipmasts with distant hills. Almost always a rising or setting sun. In 1661 he moved to Amsterdam. He painted larger works, probably commissioned by wealthy middle classes to decorate their homes.
Objects by Pynacker, Adam (Dutch painter and printmaker, c. 1620 - 1673)