A135: The Entombment
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© The Holburne Museum of Art, Bath
|Object type||In category: Pictures » Painting|
Romanelli, Giovanni Francesco (Italian painter, 1610-1662) (known) - Painter(s)
Previously attributed to Reni, Guido (Italian painter and draftsman, 1575-1642) - Painter(s)
|Place of origin||Europe » Southern Europe » Italy » Central Italy » Rome|
68.6 cm height unframed
53.4 cm width unframed
|Materials & techniques||
Pictures: Medium » Paint » Oil paint
Pictures: Support » Canvas
Group of figures in a landscape. At the centre, the dead body of Jesus supported as though seated on stone steps into tomb. Tomb draped with white shroud. To the left kneeling on the ground with back to viewer, face turned in profile to right, a young woman, Mary Magdalene, in ochre cloak over violet gown. Behind, with lid of tomb, an old man, Joseph of Arimathea, with bald head and grey beard, brown dress. To his right, a young man, John the Evangelist, with dark hair turned towards him, wearing red cloak and green robe. On the right, a lady, the Virgin Mary, veiled in blue with hands clasped, looking down towards dead figure. On the right below her, a naked putto with short wings holding left hand and wrist of Jesus and pointing to wound in his hand.Landscape of overhanging rocks and greenery to left, mountains and sky to right.
|Marks and inscriptions||
The dominant figure in this scene is the body of the dead Christ, lowered into the tomb by St John the Evangelist with help from Mary Magdalene and Joseph of Arimathaea, while Jesus's mother Mary mourns to one side. A plump pink angel holds up the contrasting greyish arm of Jesus, pointing to the wounds made by the nails in his hands.
Holburne thought this was by the Bolognese artist Guido Reni, and displayed it in his Front Drawing Room. It was Sir Denis Mahon who identified this as the work of the Roman painter Giovanni Francesco Romanelli, some time in the late 1960s.
During the late 1630s and early 1640s, when Romanelli was working at the Palazzo Barberini in Rome with his master Pietro da Cortona, he produced a series of jewel-like cabinet paintings, often painted on copper. There are also examples, both showing Peter and John at the empty tomb, and both on copper, at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge and the Los Angeles County Museum.
Holburne catalogue 1867: 'Guido Reni' – Front Drawing Room, as 'The Three Marys, with the body of our Saviour'
Holburne catalogue 1887: 'Guido Reni'
Moeckler 1902: 'after Guido Reni'
Horace Buttery 1906: 'French School'
A Register 1919: '? Guido Reni'
Holburne catalogue 1927: 'Guido Reni'
Holburne catalogue 1936: 'Guido Reni'
Martin: 'Guido Reni'
Denis Mahon: 'G.F.Romanelli'
Courtauld List 1971: Romanelli1976: G F Romanelli
The Holburne of Menstrie Museum Catalogue: Part I: Pictures, Bath, 1936, no. 154
Wright, C., Old Master Paintings in Britain: An Index of Continental Old Master Paintings executed before c.1800 in Public Collections in the United Kingdom, London, 1976, p. 174
Bishop, Philippa, Holburne Museum of Art: Souvenir Guidebook, Bath 1999, p.6
Fagiolo dell'Arco, Maurizio, Pietro da Cortona e i 'cortoneschi': bilancio di un centenario e qualche novita', Rome 1998, p. 168, n. 17
Fagiolo dell'Arco, Maurizio, Pietro da Cortona e i 'cortoneschi' Gimignani, Romanelli, Baldi, il Borgognone, Ferri, Milano 2001, p. 122, n. 27
White, Lisa "A Collector of Distinction: Sir William Holburne (1793-1874)" in Apollo, pp.46-54, Sept 2003, ill. p.49
|Muse theme||The Art of Collecting
The History of the Holburne Collection » Sir William Holburne and his Collection » Arranging the Collection: Sir William at Home
Oil paintings in the Holburne Museum
|Method of acquisition||Bequest|
|Provenance||Sir T. W. Holburne (1793-1874); by whom bequeathed to Mary Anne Barbara Holburne (1802-1882); by whom bequeathed to the Museum|
Title of exhibition: Primitives to Picasso, an exhibition from Municipal and University Collections in Great Britain
Title of exhibition: Italian Treasures, Victorian and Edwardian Taste in Italian Art
Title of exhibition: The Beauties of Bath: The Holburne Museum revealed
Title of exhibition: Town House Treasures: Sir William Holburne of Bath