A80: Sir James Holburne
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© The Holburne Museum of Art, Bath
|Title||Sir James Holburne|
|Object type||In category: Pictures » Painting|
Attributed to de Medina, John Baptist (Flemish-Spanish painter, 1659-1710, active in Scotland) - Painter(s)
|Place of origin||Europe » Northern Europe » British Isles » Great Britain » Scotland » Edinburgh|
76.0 cm height approximate sight
64.0 cm width approximate sight
|Materials & techniques||
Pictures: Medium » Paint » Oil paint
Pictures: Support » Canvas
Half-length portrait of a gentleman in armour, half-profile to left. Mid-brown long wig, white loosely-twisted cravat over full body armour. Dark background.In a carved and gilded frame.
|Marks and inscriptions||
This is the great-grandfather of Sir Thomas William Holburne (see Family Tree). Sir James Holburne (?1671-1737), grandson of Major-General James Holburne (who bought Menstrie Castle, near Stirling, in 1649), succeeded to the family estates in about 1691. He served as a volunteer in the Royal Army, keeping a defensive force at Menstrie. He was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia on 21 June 1706. Sir James gradually sold off the family properties, including Menstrie Castle in 1719, and moved to Edinburgh where he died in 1737. Sir James had a large family; his second son Francis, Admiral Holburne, was the grandfather of Sir Thomas William Holburne; he was succeeded by his eldest son James (d.1758), an advocate in Edinburgh.
1867 Catalogue of Pictures: 'Portrait of Sir James Holburne, in armour - Admiral Holburne's father' Dining Room, no. 31. No artist given.
Moeckler, 1902: Sir Godfrey Kneller
Buttery: 'A school copy'
1936 onwards: School of Kneller
Alastair Laing, National Trust (1988): 'Though abraded, of good enough quality to be autograph Kneller - it is certainly autograph somebody!'
Richard Charlton-Jones, Sotheby's (1991): 'If Scottish, then almost certainly by Medina; Holburne was created Baronet in Edinburgh in 1706, which fits exactly with the time Medina was painting the Scottish nobility.'
James Holloway, Scottish National Portrait Gallery (1992): 'I have no doubt that you portrait is by Medina. It is very close to many other portraits of his of which we have photographs.'
During the 1970s this portrait was lent to the Assembly Rooms, Bath.
The Holburne of Menstrie Museum Catalogue: Part I: Pictures, Bath, 1936, no. 27
|Muse theme||The Art of Collecting
The History of the Holburne Collection » Sir William Holburne and his Collection » The Founder: Sir William Holburne of Menstrie (1793-1874)
Oil paintings in the Holburne Museum
|Method of acquisition||Bequest|
|Provenance||Sir T. W. Holburne (1793-1874); by whom bequeathed to Mary Anne Barbara Holburne (1802-1882); by whom bequeathed to the Museum|
Title of exhibition: Long-term loan