C5: Maiolica dish: allegory of Fortitude
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© The Holburne Museum of Art, Bath
|Title||Maiolica dish: allegory of Fortitude|
|Object type||In category: Ceramics » Dish|
|Place of origin||Europe » Southern Europe » Italy » Northern Italy » Veneto » Venice|
25.2 cm diameter
|Materials & techniques||
|Description||Small round maiolica dish with shallow lip. Painted with woman representing Fortitude, opening a lion's mouth. Painted in yellow, blue, white, green and blue oxides.|
The Cardinal Virtues were commonly used in both sacred and secular contexts. As Plato originally proposed the Cardinal Virtues in The Republic, they have been naturally applied to government and the morals of civic duty. St. Thomas Aquinas also wrote extensively on the Cardinal Virtues in his Summa Theologica.
The attribution of this dish to Domenico da Venezia was suggested by Tim Wilson of the Ashmolean Museum. The colouring and sketchy lines are characteristic of Domenico da Venezia. A similar technique may be seen in the depiction of Cupid on a dish in the collection (C7). A similar dish in the Fitzwilliam Museum is also attributed to the Domenego da Venezia workshop, but some doubt has recently arisen regarding its maker. A dish in the Wallace Collection that depicts the same subject is attributed to Deruta c. 1520-1540.
Aquinas, Thomas, The Summa Theologica. New York: Forgotten Books, 2007.
Plato (translated by Allan David Bloom), The Republic, New York: Basic Books, 1968.
Price, Robert Michael, The Tarot: History, Symbolism, and Divination, Jeremy P.
|Muse theme||The Art of Collecting
The History of the Holburne Collection » The Collection » Ceramics
|Provenance||Sir Thomas William Holburne (1793-1874); by whom bequeathed to Mary Anne Barbara Holburne (1802-1882), by whom bequeathed to the Museum|