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© The Holburne Museum of Art, Bath
|Object type||In category: Ceramics » Pouring vessel » teapot|
Unknown - Porcelain worker(s)
|Place of origin||Asia » East Asia » China » China|
13.0 cm height whole
19.0 cm width whole
11.0 cm depth whole
|Materials & techniques||
|Description||Small porcelain teapot and cover. Of slightly flattened spherical shape with a simple straight spout and loop handle. Decorated with the Holburne family arms, crest and motto in coloured enamels and gilding on either side of the body. Gilt sprigs of flowers flank the arms and decorate the lid. An elaborate gilt border runs around the upper rim of the body and the edge of the lid. The lid is surmounted by a gilt, onion-shaped knop.|
|Marks and inscriptions||
This teapot belongs to a Chinese porcelain tea service emblazoned with the Holburne arms that was probably commissioned by the grandfather of Sir William Holburne, Admiral Francis Holburne (see Family Tree). A fine armorial dinner service was also commissioned. The Holburne arms are: Quarterly, 1st and 4th gules, a fesse, couped, between three crescents, or; 2nd and 3rd or, an orle, gules. The crest: A demi-lion touching with his dexter paw a mullet, argent. The motto: Decus summum virtus (The highest glory is virtue).
The commissions may have been given in 1749 when Admiral Francis Holburne married Frances Lascelles, née Ball (1719-1761) of Barbados, the young widow of Edward Lascelles, who had been Collector of Customs on the island, and whose eldest son was created 1st Earl of Harewood in 1812. Sir William Holburne was very proud of his connection with the Lascelles family of Harewood, Yorkshire.
From the late 17th century onwards, Chinese armorial porcelain formed a significant part of the trade between Europe and the Far East. Wealthy Europeans whose families were entitled to bear arms commissioned dinner and tea services from Jingdezhen in China. The order would be accompanied by a drawing or print of the family coat-of-arms which would be painted in enamel colours on the porcelain service as the central feature of the decoration.
In the centre of each dish and plate of the dinner service is a painted scene of Fort St. George at Madras, India. From 1643 this had been one of the major trading posts of the East India Company which had the monopoly of shipping oriental goods to Britain. The vignettes on either rim depict the Pearl River in Canton, and Plymouth Sound, in Devon, with views of Mount Edgcumbe and the old Eddystone Lighthouse.
|Muse theme||The Art of Collecting
The History of the Holburne Collection » Sir William Holburne and his Collection » The Founder: Sir William Holburne of Menstrie (1793-1874)
The History of the Holburne Collection » The Collection » Oriental Works of Art
|Method of acquisition||Bequest|
|Provenance||Probably commissioned by Admiral Francis Holburne (1704-1761); thence by decent to Sir T. W. Holburne (1793-1874); by whom bequeathed to Mary Anne Barbara Holburne (1802-1882); by whom bequeathed to the Museum|
Title of exhibition: The Beauties of Bath: the Holburne Museum Revealed